Alberta Election 1955

Below is a list of all 61 ridings up for election in the Alberta 1955 Provincial Election, and the names of the people who won those seats. Click on the symbol of the Legislature above a riding name to look at the individual candidates who were running in that riding, which will include links to their website and social media, if they're available.

If you would like to see the candidates put forward by party rather than by riding, use the buttons below.

First Place

Social Credit

Leader:

Ernest Manning

Seats Won Last Election:

53

Seats at Dissolution:

52

Seats Won:

37

Vote Count:

175553

Fourth Place

Co-operative Commonwealth

Leader:

Elmer Roper

Seats Won Last Election:

2

Seats at Dissolution:

2

Seats Won:

2

Vote Count:

31180

Second Place

Liberal Party

Leader:

James Prowse Jr.

Seats Won Last Election:

3

Seats at Dissolution:

4

Seats Won:

15

Vote Count:

117741

Fifth Place

Independent

Leader:

Seats Won Last Election:

1

Seats at Dissolution:

1

Seats Won:

2

Vote Count:

6946

Third Place

Progressive Conservative

Leader:

John Page

Seats Won Last Election:

2

Seats at Dissolution:

2

Seats Won:

3

Vote Count:

34757

Minor Parties

Seats Won Last Election:

0

Seats at Dissolution:

0

Seats Won:

2

Vote Count:

12002

Seat Count Results

Popular Vote Results

Multi-Member Ridings

In 1955, two constituencies (Edmonton and Calgary) each elected multiple MLAs to represent each city as a whole. These seats were determined through a system called "Single Transferable Vote" where voters could rank as many candidates as they wanted, and to win a seat, a candidate had to reach the quota for the constituency as determined by dividing the total number of valid votes by the number of available seats. In 1955, Calgary had six seats and Edmonton had seven. As a result, a candidate in Calgary needed 16.7% of the vote to meet the quota, while a candidate in Edmonton needed 14.3%. If, after the votes are tallied, nobody has reached quota, then the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated and their votes are redistributed to their second choices. If someone has reached quota, then any "extra" votes they've received that put them beyond what they need to reach the quota are also redistributed to their second choices. This process continues until either the necessary number of candidates has reached the quota, or the field of candidates has been narrowed down to the point where no more candidates can be eliminated while still filling every seat.

 

As a result, these constituencies have multiple winners in this election, and so are listed separately. This is the last election where Alberta used this system, and in all subsequent elections both Edmonton and Calgary are broken up into multiple constituencies.

Calgary

Winner

Arthur Dixon

Social Credit

Winner

Grant MacEwan

Liberal Party

Winner

Arthur Smith

Progressive Conservative

Winner

Hugh MacDonald

Liberal Party

Winner

Frederick Colborne

Social Credit

Winner

Rose Wilkinson

Social Credit

Edmonton

Winner

Abe Miller

Liberal Party

Winner

Harold Tanner

Liberal Party

Winner

Joseph Ross

Social Credit

Winner

Edgar Gerhart

Social Credit

Winner

James Prowse Jr.

Liberal Party

Winner

Ernest Manning

Social Credit

Winner

John Page

Progressive Conservative

Single-Member Ridings

In 1955, all constituencies outside Edmonton and Calgary used an "Instant-Runoff Voting" system to elect a single MLA. This meant that voters would rank their choices rather than voting for a single option, and that candidates needed the support of a majority of the valid votes, rather than simply the most votes, to win. If nobody had a majority after the votes were counted, the candidate in last place was eliminated, and their votes transferred to the voters' second choices. This process continued until a candidate received a majority, which is why some candidates from this era could eventually win a seat despite not initially having the most votes. This was the last election to use a ranked ballot system - coincidentally, it was also the largest elected opposition that Social Credit had ever seen or would ever see until its defeat in 1971.

Winner

James Sims

Liberal Party

Acadia-Coronation

Winner

Jake Josvanger

Liberal Party

Bonnyville

Winner

Edgar Hinman

Social Credit

Cardston

Winner

Gordon Taylor

Social Credit

Drumheller

Winner

Joseph Desfossés

Liberal Party

Grouard

Winner

Allen Patrick

Social Credit

Lacombe

Winner

James Hartley

Social Credit

Macleod

Winner

William Gilliland

Social Credit

Peace River

Winner

Cam Kirby

Progressive Conservative

Red Deer

Winner

Adolph Fimrite

Social Credit

Spirit River

Winner

John McLaughlin

Liberal Party

Stony Plain

Winner

Henry Ruste

Social Credit

Wainwright

Winner

Anders Aalborg

Social Credit

Alexandra

Winner

Bryce Stringam

Independent

Bow Valley-Empress

Winner

Floyd Baker

Social Credit

Clover Bar

Winner

Norman Willmore

Social Credit

Edson

Winner

Wallace Cross

Social Credit

Hand Hills

Winner

Ronald Ansley

Independent

Leduc

Winner

Elizabeth Robinson

Social Credit

Medicine Hat

Winner

Robin Jorgenson

Social Credit

Pembina

Winner

Alfred Macyk

Liberal Party

Redwater

Winner

Arthur Soetaert

Liberal Party

St. Albert

Winner

Roy Lee

Social Credit

Taber

Winner

Leonard Halmrast

Social Credit

Warner

Winner

Richard Hall

Liberal Party

Athabasca

Winner

Earl Hardy

Social Credit

Bruce

Winner

Harry Strom

Social Credit

Cypress

Winner

George Bell

Social Credit

Gleichen

Winner

Michael Maccagno

Liberal Party

Lac La Biche

Winner

John Landeryou

Social Credit

Lethbridge

Winner

Ross Ellis

Liberal + PC

Okotoks-High River

Winner

William Kovach

Social Credit

Pincher Creek-Crowsnest

Winner

Alfred Hooke

Social Credit

Rocky Mountain House

Winner

Raymond Reierson

Social Credit

St. Paul

Winner

Stanley Ruzycki

Co-operative Commonwealth